Wind power has become increasingly common worldwide over the last decades. The production cost of wind turbines has decreased and the technology has rapidly evolved.
Buying Energy Attribute Certificates (EACs) from wind power guarantees that the renewable energy consumed is from this source.
Wind power production is typically divided into two main categories; based Onshore or Offshore.
Building and running wind farms benefit the local area through the use of local suppliers, contractors and workers. Better infrastructure makes the area more accessible to visitors and may help boost tourism.
2016 saw new records for the wind industry: total installations from 2014 to 2016 increased by 12 GW globally. This is a sharp rise compared to the earlier years. Global installations in total were at almost 500 GW by the end of 2016. The development of new capacity is taking place in India and China. China has been the largest market for wind power for almost a decade.
Norwegians have historically used wind power for automating agriculture, pumping water on sailing ships and producing electricity. One of the first offshore wind turbines was Norwegian. It was used to supply electric light on Fridtjof Nansen’s polar expedition ship, “Fram”, from 1893 to 1896.
In 2016 the Fosen Wind Project was launched in Norway, planned to have a total capacity of 1,000 MW installed, when the construction is finished in 2020. This will thus be Europe’s largest onshore wind farm.