The Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC established a common framework for the promotion of renewable energy sources in the European Union, setting mandatory national targets for achieving a 20% share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption and a 10% share of energy from renewable sources in transport by 2020.
The Directive confirms that Guarantees of Origin have the sole function of proving that the energy was produced from renewable sources. All member states are required to document the origin of electricity produced from renewable energy.
The Electricity Markets Directive (2009/72/EC) requires European suppliers of electricity to disclose their fuel with regard to CO2-emissions and radioactive waste. The aim of electricity disclosure is to provide consumers with relevant information about power generation and to allow for informed consumer choice not based on electricity prices alone. Guarantees of Origin comprise a change-enabling instrument complying with consumers’ right to information about purchased products, thus supporting EU’s increased focus on the role of consumers in changing energy behaviour.
On 23 October 2015 the European Council agreed on a new climate and energy framework for post-2020. The targets again cover greenhouse gas reductions, renewable energy and energy efficiency.
This roadmap spells out how to create a low carbon economy by 2050, strongly supported by the International Energy Agency (IEA). The Roadmap explores routes towards decarbonising energy systems, including examining scenarios targeting an 80% reduction in greenhouse gases and an 85% decline in energy-related CO2 emissions.